Veliko Blato and Malo Blato are wetlands in the southern part of the Island of Pag. Since marshes are rare on the islands, in 1988 they were placed under protection as ornithological reserves. The area of Veliko Blato is a natural water source that supplies a part of the island of Pag with water, albeit in small quantities. The areas of Veliko and Malo Blato have high biological importance, as they provide a home or temporary refuge to many indigenous species of nesting, migrating and hibernating birds. A total of 168 bird species have been documented at this habitat.
The 15th meridian east passes through the island of Pag. It is marked by a marble monument placed along an unpaved road leading from the Bošana tract to the Sveti Duh (Holy Spirit) Beach, 5 km from the town of Pag. This is a nice spot where bicycle riders and hikers can enjoy the view.
Lun, the northernmost settlement on the island of Pag, is known for the olive groves that have adorned the specific local landscape for centuries. The groves stretch over 24 hectares of land, containing over 80,000 trees of the common European cultivar (Olea europaea var. communis) grafted onto wild trees (Olea oleaster linea). Their average age is an estimated 1,200 years, and the oldest olive tree in Lun is 1,600 years old. This grove, unique in the world, creates an unforgettable, soothing and relaxing atmosphere for visitors.The Lun olive groves were declared a natural reserve in 1963. They are a rarity not only on the island of Pag or in Croatia, for such an environment amidst olive trees cannot be found anywhere else in the Mediterranean basin.
The construction of the new fortified town of Pag was completed in the latter half of the 15th century, in line with designs sketched in advance, which makes it a unique monument of urban planning in Croatia’s territory. Construction began on 18 may 1443. During works, particular attention was dedicated to construction of the walls, which are the fundamental determinants of its urban structure. In the spirit of Renaissance architecture, Pag’s fortified walls had circular, octagonal, pentagonal and rectangular with typically round bastions. The town’s main square lies at the intersection of the two main streets, and it is surrounded by the buildings of important local institutions: the Parish Church, the Rector’s Palace, the Bishop’s Palace and the Loggia (since demolished).
Pag’s Old Town developed spontaneously over the Middle Ages thanks to the exploitation of salt, the dominant economic activity on the island. This hilly terrain in the immediate vicinity of the salt pans had about twenty churches, monasteries, a fortified citadel, a palace, a small and large loggia, and two, large and small, town square. Along the seashore, there was a salt warehouse and two berths: Veliki and Mali Mul. Fleeing before his enemies, King Bela IV found refuge in Pag in 1244. Pag’s denizens offered him great comfort and aid, and as a sign of gratitude Bela IV bequeathed free royal borough status on the town.